The End FGM European Network
The End FGM European Network is a European umbrella organisation of 15 national NGOs working to ensure sustainable European action to end the practice of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C). The Network advocates for “a holistic approach to ending FGM and other forms of violence against women and girls at European level. It aims to create an enabling environment for coordinated and comprehensive action by European decision-makers. It facilitates the synergy of diverse organisations and the active participation of rights holders. It also provides space where its member organisations can share their experience and diverse skills.” The Network has designated ‘asylum’ as its focus theme for 2016. As part of this focus, and their strategic objective towards better protection for asylum seekers affected by the practice of FGM/C, a capacity building seminar on FGM/C and asylum was organized and we were part of it.
Aim of the capacity building seminar
The aim of the seminar was to strengthen the member’s knowledge and understanding of the EU asylum legislation (including the Asylum Procedures, Reception Conditions, and Qualification Directives) and of the key advocacy messages and approaches to be used. In addition, the seminar intended to enhance the capacity of members to identify and establish a dialogue with key actors in the area of asylum in their countries. The programme of the seminar can be found here.
Guide on FGM in the EU Asylum Directives
The Network has recently (in March 2016) produced a Guide on FGM in the EU Asylum Directives. The guide, that can be downloaded here, highlights the relevant provisions in the Asylum Procedures, Reception Conditions and Qualification Directives. It aims to explain the application of the three asylum directives in an accessible manner to civil society representatives working with those affected by FGM/C. Among other things, the guide explains the changes that have taken place in the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) since 2013 and how they apply to asylum seekers affected by or at risk of FGM/C. During the seminar, the members had the opportunity to familiarise themselves with the new guide.
FGM/C as a ground for asylum
I was very honoured to be invited by Natalie Kontoulis to speak at the capacity building seminar in Brussels. Unfortunately, I was not able to attend the seminar myself, but my colleague Alina Balta gave a presentation the 1st of June 2016. Alina wrote her Master Thesis in 2014 entitled Protection afforded to asylum seekers on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting related grounds: a review of the theory and practice of Europe under my supervision. With this thesis, she completed the LL.M International and European Public Law MSc Victimology and Criminal Justice at Tilburg Law School. In the past year, we wrote an article together on this topic that has been accepted by the International Journal of Refugee Law. Our article will be published in September 2016 (issue 28:3).
The title of our presentation was “Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting as a Ground for Asylum in Europe” and her Prezi presentation can be downloaded here.
Alina described her experience in Brussels as follows:“Annemarie wrote to me in May to inquire about the possibility of giving a presentation in Brussels on the 1st of June. I was honoured and humbled to be invited to present in her stead and, of course, I accepted her invitation. Following days of work on the presentation and rehearsal of my speech, I went to Brussels. I was very happy to be welcomed by Natalie, as well as the entire End FGM team. Shortly thereafter the representatives of the organisations part of the End FGM European Network started to arrive, and the event commenced. The event started off with a word of welcome by Liuska Sanna, the director of the End FGM Network, followed by two very interesting presentations: one about the UNHCR report “Too much pain” focusing on FGM & Asylum in the EU, and one about the European Parliament Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality report, focusing on the situation on women refugees and asylum seekers in the EU. Thereafter, I presented our article about FGM/C as a ground for asylum in Europe for about 15 minutes, followed by approximately 20 minutes of active discussion. The audience was formed of approximately 25 people, all very knowledgeable in the area of FGM/C (particularly from a national perspective), which obviously led to a very fruitful discussion. I believe we had an interesting exchange of views, both from a practical and theoretical perspective. All in all, I am happy that Annemarie asked me to present our article during this capacity building seminar, and I am truly grateful that I had the opportunity to exchange views, but most importantly, learn from the experiences of experts in the area of FGM/C.”
All other presentations that were given during the capacity building seminar and relevant documents can be found here.
In November 2016, the Network will hold a conference on Asylum and FGM/C. Check their website for more information and updates!